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Definition

Disturbance of body schema involving the loss of ability to localize, recognize, or identify the specific parts of one’s body.

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While some reported cases exhibit impaired knowledge of most body parts, autotopagnosia is most frequently manifested as difficulty in identifying or naming specific fingers (finger agnosia), especially the three middle fingers. The problem extends to identifying comparable body parts on the examiner or graphic representations of body parts. The deficit usually involves both sides of the body, thus distinguishing it from unilateral neglect. While not typically classified as such, right-left disorientationlikely reflects another form or subtype of autotopagnosia. In this condition, patients are unable to reliably identify the right and left sides of their bodies or those of others. Both finger agnosia and right-left disorientation are frequently present at the same time, particularly following lesions of the left angular gyrus and...

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References and Readings

  • Benton, A. L., & Sivan, A. B. (1993). Disturbances of the body schema. In K. M. Heilman & E. Valenstein (Eds.), Clinical neuropsychology (pp. 123–140). New York: Oxford University Press.

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  • Denberg, N. L., & Tranel, D. (2003). Acalculia and disturbances of the body schema. In K. M. Heilman & E. Valenstein (Eds.), Clinical neuropsychology (pp. 161–184). New York: Oxford University Press.

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© 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC

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Mendoza, J.E. (2011). Autotopagnosia. In: Kreutzer, J.S., DeLuca, J., Caplan, B. (eds) Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology. Springer, New York, NY. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-79948-3_712

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-79948-3_712

  • Publisher Name: Springer, New York, NY

  • Print ISBN: 978-0-387-79947-6

  • Online ISBN: 978-0-387-79948-3

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