Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2011 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

American Psychological Association (APA)

  • Wade Pickren
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-79948-3_593

Address and URL

750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002-4242 (www.apa.org)


150,000 as of 2010

Major Areas or Mission Statement

The mission of the APA is to advance the creation, communication, and application of psychological knowledge to benefit society and improve people’s lives.

Landmark Contributions

The American Psychological Association (APA) was founded in 1892 by a small group of men interested in what was called “the new psychology.” Its founding at this particular time can best be understood as part of the large number of changes occurring in the USA at that time. The emergence of a number of what are now standard academic disciplines, psychology, economics, political science, biochemistry, physiology, in the last 2 decades of the nineteenth century was part of a reorganization of American knowledge production, reflecting a division of intellectual labor similar to the division of manufactory labor. Like its fellow disciplines, the new psychology grew and...

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References and Readings

  1. Dewsbury, D. A. (1997). On the evolution of divisions. American Psychologist, 52, 733–741.Google Scholar
  2. Evans, R. B., Sexton, V. S., & Cadwallader, T. C. (Eds.). (1992). The American Psychological Association: A historical perspective. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
  3. Fernberger, S. W. (1932). The American Psychological Association: A historical summary, 1892–1930. Psychological Bulletin, 29, 1–89.Google Scholar
  4. Guthrie, R. V. (1998). Even the rat was white: A historical view of psychology. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.Google Scholar
  5. Pickren, W. E., & Schneider, S. F. (Eds.). (2005). Psychology and the National Institute of Mental Health: A historical analysis of science, practice, and policy. Washington, DC: APA Books.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wade Pickren
    • 1
  1. 1.Ryerson UniversityDepartment of Psychology, American Psychological AssociationTorontoCanada