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International Classification of Diseases

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Synonyms

International statistical classification of diseases and related health problems

Definition

The ICD is an international standard diagnostic classification used for clinical decision making, health management, and general epidemiology. It is used to classify diseases and other health problems. Each disease or health problem is categorized into a group with similar diseases and then assigned a unique code up to six characters in length. This system can be used to monitor the incidence and prevalence of a disease relative to specific variables or the general health of a specific population. In addition to allowing the retrieval of diagnostic information, these records are used to compile the national mortality and morbidity statistics.

Current Knowledge

In 1893, the first International List of Causes of Death (called the Bertillon Classification) was introduced at the International Statistical Institute in Chicago. The American Public Health Association recommended that Canada,...

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References and Readings

  • Gersenovic, M. (1995). The ICD family of classifications. Methods of Information in Medicine, 34(1–2), 172–175.

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  • Israel, R. A. (1991). The history of the international classification of diseases. Health Bulletin, 49(1), 62–66.

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  • World Health Organization. (2009). International Classification of Diseases (ICD). Retrieved from http://www.who.int/classifications/icd/en/

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Sharma, A. (2011). International Classification of Diseases. In: Kreutzer, J.S., DeLuca, J., Caplan, B. (eds) Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology. Springer, New York, NY. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-79948-3_40

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