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Somatosensory System

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Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

Definition

The somatosensory system is a component of the nervous system that detects and allows for perception of pain, temperature, head and body position and movement, and touch.

Current Knowledge

The somatosensory system is a component of the nervous system that detects and allows for perception of the modalities (sense) of pain, temperature, head and body position (called proprioception), head and body movement (called kinesthesia), and touch. The modality of touch includes the senses of pressure, vibration, and the higher-order sense of stereognosis, which is the ability to recognize and identify objects based on touch alone (without vision, audition, olfaction, and gustation). The modality of pain includes the sense of itch and tickle. The primaryreceptor surface for the somatosensory system is located in the skin; however, there are also peripheral components in muscles, tendons, and internal organs. The somatosensory system consists of a number of neural pathways that carry...

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© 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC

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Jacobs, K.M. (2011). Somatosensory System. In: Kreutzer, J.S., DeLuca, J., Caplan, B. (eds) Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology. Springer, New York, NY. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-79948-3_359

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-79948-3_359

  • Publisher Name: Springer, New York, NY

  • Print ISBN: 978-0-387-79947-6

  • Online ISBN: 978-0-387-79948-3

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