Skip to main content

Congestive Heart Failure

  • Reference work entry
  • 76 Accesses

Synonyms

Heart failure

Definition

Congestive heart failure (CHF) or heart failure is a condition in which the heart muscle is unable to pump sufficient blood to adequately supply the body’s organs.

Current Knowledge

Common causes of CHF include coronary artery disease, myocardial infarction, hypertension, cardiac valve disease, cardiomyopathy (heart muscle disease), congenital heart disease, and endocarditis (heart infection). In CHF, the heart continues to pump, but exercise and activity cause shortness of breath (“dyspnea on exertion” or DOE), fatigue, weakness, light-headedness, or syncope. Because the heart is not pumping the blood completely and effectively, the blood “backs up” into the heart chambers, and ultimately into the venous system. This causes congestion of the tissues, and edema in the legs and internal organs, including the lungs (“pulmonary edema”), often resulting in shortness of breath, especially when lying supine (“orthopnea”). Electrocardiogram and certain blood...

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-0-387-79948-3_2171
  • Chapter length: 2 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   1,350.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-0-387-79948-3
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Hardcover Book
USD   1,499.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

References and Readings

  • Jessup, M., Abraham, W. T., Casey, D. E., Feldman, A. M., Francis, G. S., Ganiats, T. G., et al. (2009). Focused update: ACCF/AHA guidelines for the diagnosis and management of heart failure in adults: A report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines, Developed in collaboration with the International Society for Heart and Lung Transplantation. Circulation, 119, 1977–2016.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC

About this entry

Cite this entry

Roth, E.J. (2011). Congestive Heart Failure. In: Kreutzer, J.S., DeLuca, J., Caplan, B. (eds) Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology. Springer, New York, NY. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-79948-3_2171

Download citation