Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2011 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Alcoholic Brain Syndrome

  • Glenn S. Ashkanazi
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-79948-3_2049

Synonyms

Short Description or Definition

“Alcoholic brain syndrome” is a collection of several syndromes associated with the acute or chronic use of alcohol, resulting in significant impairment on normal brain functioning (APA Dictionary of Psychology, 2007).

Categorization

As mentioned in the definition, alcoholic brain syndrome encompasses several syndromes.
  1. 1.

    Alcohol withdrawal delirium: A reversible condition that develops after cessation of chronic, extreme alcohol intake. Symptoms include disturbed consciousness (e.g., disruption in attention/concentration), disruption in memory, orientation, and language beyond what would be expected from typical alcohol withdrawal.

     
  2. 2.

    Alcohol-induced persisting dementia: A chronic condition that includes multiple cognitive deficits as a result of prolonged alcohol abuse. Cognitive areas generally impaired include memory,...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References and Readings

  1. Kopelman, M., Thomson, A., Guerrini, I., & Marshall, E. (2009). The Korsakoff Syndrome: Clinical aspects, psychology and treatment. Alcohol & Alcoholism, 44(2), 148–154.Google Scholar
  2. Martin, P., Singleton, C., & Hiller-Sturmhofel, S. (2003). The role of thiamine deficiency in alcoholic brain disease. Alcohol Research & Health, 27(2), 134–142.Google Scholar
  3. Oscar-Berman, M., & Marinkovic, K. (2003). Alcoholism and the brain: An overview. Alcohol Research & Health, 27(2), 125–133.Google Scholar
  4. Parsons, O. (1996). Alcohol abuse and alcoholism. In R. Adams, O. Parsons, J. Culbertson, & S. Nixon (Eds.), Neuropsychology for clinical practice: Etiology, assessment, and treatment of common neurological disorders. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.Google Scholar
  5. Rourke, S., & Grant, I. (2009). The neurobehavioral correlates of alcoholism. In I. Grant & K. M. Adams (Eds.), Neuropsychological assessment of neuropsychiatric and neuromedical disorders (3rd ed.). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  6. White, A. (2003). What happened? Alcohol, memory blackouts, and the brain. Alcohol Research & Health, 27(2), 186–196.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Glenn S. Ashkanazi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Clinical and Health PsychologyUniversity of Florida-College of Public Health and Health ProfessionsGainesvilleUSA