Skip to main content


Culture free test; Culturally reduced test


Culture fair test is a test that is equally fair to all cultural groups. Fairness is related to a lack of bias in the interpretation or use of a test to classify or diagnose. In a culture fair test, the validity of the interpretation is similar across different cultural groups. It is unlikely that any test can entirely eliminate the influence of learning and cultural experience, given that the test content, language, directions, and validity criteria are culturally bound. However, avoiding culturally loaded items, items that are found to be unfair to certain groups of people, increases the likelihood of it being a culturally fair test. Culturally loaded items, such as those that utilize pictures or general information that are differentially prevalent for certain cultures, decrease the likelihood of a culturally fair test.

Cross References

Cultural Sensitivity

Raven’s Progressive Matrices

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

Subscribe and save

Springer+ Basic
EUR 32.99 /Month
  • Get 10 units per month
  • Download Article/Chapter or Ebook
  • 1 Unit = 1 Article or 1 Chapter
  • Cancel anytime
Subscribe now

Buy Now

USD 29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
USD 1,350.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Available as EPUB and PDF
  • Read on any device
  • Instant download
  • Own it forever
Hardcover Book
USD 1,299.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • Durable hardcover edition
  • Dispatched in 3 to 5 business days
  • Free shipping worldwide - see info

Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout

Purchases are for personal use only

Institutional subscriptions

References and Readings

  • Jensen, A. R. (1974). How biased are culture-loaded tests? Genetic Psychology Monographs, 90, 185–244.

    Google Scholar 

  • Scarr, S. (1994). Culture fair and culture free test. In R. J. Sternberg (Ed.), Encyclopedia of human intelligence. New York: Macmillan.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC

About this entry

Cite this entry

Getz, G.E. (2011). Culture Fair Test. In: Kreutzer, J.S., DeLuca, J., Caplan, B. (eds) Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology. Springer, New York, NY.

Download citation

  • DOI:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, New York, NY

  • Print ISBN: 978-0-387-79947-6

  • Online ISBN: 978-0-387-79948-3

  • eBook Packages: Behavioral Science

Publish with us

Policies and ethics