Encyclopedia of Clinical Neuropsychology

2011 Edition
| Editors: Jeffrey S. Kreutzer, John DeLuca, Bruce Caplan

Amnesia

  • Ginette Lafleche
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-79948-3_1103

Definition

Amnesia refers to the loss of ability to recall facts, events, or concepts encountered prior to the onset of illness (retrograde amnesia) or to the loss of ability to form new memories (anterograde amnesia), or both. Although anterograde and retrograde amnesia can occur in isolation, they most often appear together following a single cause. That cause is most frequently a neurologic insult or illness, but can also be psychogenic. In most cases, the memory loss is permanent, but it can be temporary, as for example, in transient global amnesia.

Cross References

References and Readings

  1. Baddeley, A. D., Kopelman, M. D., & Wilson, A. W. (2002). The handbook of memory disorders. Chichester, UK: Wiley.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ginette Lafleche
    • 1
  1. 1.Memory Disorders Research Center VA Boston Healthcare System and Boston University School of MedicineBostonUSA