Skip to main content

Diencephalon

  • Reference work entry
  • 33 Accesses

Definition

The Diencephalon is a division of the brain that is located just above the brainstem and includes the Thalamus, Hypothalamus, and Epithalamus, which together influence the regulation of motivated behaviors, internal states, and sensory input.

Description

The Diencephalon constitutes the inferior portion of the brain that includes the Thalamus, Hypothalamus, and Epithalamus. It is located at the head of the brainstem connecting the Cerebral cortex with the lower structures of the brainstem [6]. The Diencephalon, in combination with the Cerebral cortex, Limbic System, and Basal Ganglia constitutes the Forebrain which is the highest functional level of the brain. Functionally, the Diencephalon plays a role in the general regulation of water, body temperature, sleep, food intake, development of secondary sex characteristics, autonomic responses, and endocrine activity [5]. In addition, the Diencephalon is involved in the relay of visual, auditory, and tactile information, as...

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-0-387-79061-9_847
  • Chapter length: 2 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   949.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-0-387-79061-9
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Hardcover Book
USD   999.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

References

  1. Beaumont, J. G. (2008). Introduction to Neuropsychology (2nd ed.). New York: The Guilford Press.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Elias, L. J., & Saucier, D. M. (2006). Neuropsychology: Clinical and experimental foundations. Boston, MA: Pearson Allyn and Bacon.

    Google Scholar 

  3. Filley, C. M. (2001). Neurobehavioral anatomy (2nd ed.). Boulder, CO: University of Colorado Press.

    Google Scholar 

  4. Kolb, B., & Whishaw, I. Q. (2003). Fundamentals of human neuropsychology (5th ed.). New York: Worth Publishers.

    Google Scholar 

  5. Loring, D. W. (1999). INS dictionary of neuropsychology. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  6. Zillmer, E. A., & Spiers, M. V. (2001). Principles of neuropsychology. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thomson Learning.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC

About this entry

Cite this entry

Noggle, C.A. (2011). Diencephalon. In: Goldstein, S., Naglieri, J.A. (eds) Encyclopedia of Child Behavior and Development. Springer, Boston, MA. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-79061-9_847

Download citation