Skip to main content

Dialect

  • Reference work entry
  • 109 Accesses

Synonyms

Cant; Language variety; Patois; Vernacular

Definition

A variety of a language with its own rules, different from other varieties of the same language in terms of pronunciation, vocabulary, and structure.

Description

Dialects are considered regional and social varieties of a language, although in certain linguistic situations it is difficult to draw the line between language and dialect [5]. The most noticeable differences among dialects surface in pronunciation, grammar, and vocabulary. Regional dialects are characteristic of certain geographical areas. The boundaries of a regional dialect, which rely on the co-occurrence of several isoglosses, are often not easy to draw, especially since no person speaks exactly the same dialect [2]. Nevertheless, dialect regions are distinguished where several linguistic variables differ from one area to the next. Regional dialects differ in the extent to which they are likely to pass on features to or inherit them from other areas. This...

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-0-387-79061-9_843
  • Chapter length: 2 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   949.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-0-387-79061-9
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Hardcover Book
USD   999.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

References

  1. Labov, W. (1966). The social stratification of English in New York City. Washington, DC: Center for Applied Linguistics.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Langacker, R. W. (1967). Language and its structure. New York: Harcourt Brace.

    Google Scholar 

  3. Preston, D. R. (1998). Two heartland perceptions of language variety. In M. D. Linn (Ed.), Handbook of dialects and language variation (2nd ed., pp. 343–373). San Diego: Academic Press.

    Google Scholar 

  4. Trudgill, P. (1974). The social differentiation of English in Norwich. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  5. Wardhaugh, R. (2002). An introduction to sociolinguistics (4th ed.). Malden, MA: Blackwell.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC

About this entry

Cite this entry

Simo, J. (2011). Dialect. In: Goldstein, S., Naglieri, J.A. (eds) Encyclopedia of Child Behavior and Development. Springer, Boston, MA. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-79061-9_843

Download citation