Declarative or explicit memory is one of two categories of long-term memory. The other is procedural memory. Declarative memory is the conscious recollection of experiences, events, and information used in everyday living.
Declarative memory stores facts that are consciously known and is separated into semantic and episodic memory. Semantic memory is the storing of general factual knowledge, independent of personal experience. Knowing telephone numbers, foods, capital cities and specific words and definitions are example. Episodic memories include specific experiences, skills and events of a life. Examples are riding a bicycle, attending a music concert or a specific person. The memory types are considered to be connected to and support each other.
Declarative memory is aggressively studied in a variety of academic and medical disciplines such as psychological science, biology, and a variety of studies involving the...
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Grote-Garcia, S.A., McDowell, F.D. (2011). Declarative Memory. In: Goldstein, S., Naglieri, J.A. (eds) Encyclopedia of Child Behavior and Development. Springer, Boston, MA. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-79061-9_786
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