Skip to main content

Cultural Deficit Perspective

  • Reference work entry

Definition

A cultural deficit perspective is comprised of two parts: (a) the attribution of an individual’s achievement to cultural factors alone, without regard to individual characteristics; and, (b) the attribution of failure to a cultural group. In other words, a cultural deficit perspective is a view that individuals from some cultural groups lack the ability to achieve just because of their cultural background.

Description

Deficit models in general suggest the cause of underachievement lies within the individual rather than the individual’s environment. For children in learning situations, the environment may include the learning context such as the safety or comfort of a classroom, the teacher or parent and his or her presentation of new material, or other external factors. The cultural deficit perspective in particular places the cause of underachievement within an individual’s cultural group. Some cultural groups have been highly susceptible to cultural deficit explanations of...

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-0-387-79061-9_750
  • Chapter length: 2 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   949.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-0-387-79061-9
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Hardcover Book
USD   999.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

References

  1. Moynihan, D. P. (1965). The Negro family: The case for national action (The Moynihan Report). Washington, DC: United States Department of Labor.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Swann, M. (1985). Education for all (The Swann Report). Report of the Committee of Enquiry into the Education of Children from Ethnic Minority Groups. London: Her Majesty’s Stationery Office.

    Google Scholar 

  3. Valencia, R. R. (1997). The evolution of deficit thinking. New York: Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC

About this entry

Cite this entry

Silverman, S.K. (2011). Cultural Deficit Perspective. In: Goldstein, S., Naglieri, J.A. (eds) Encyclopedia of Child Behavior and Development. Springer, Boston, MA. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-79061-9_750

Download citation