Encyclopedia of Child Behavior and Development

2011 Edition
| Editors: Sam Goldstein, Jack A. Naglieri

Baumrind’s Parenting Styles

  • Elizabeth LevinEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-79061-9_293



Parenting styles refer to the typical ways parents think, feel and behave in terms of child-rearing.


The most widely known categories of parenting styles are based on the work of Diana Baumrind [1, 2]. Most of her research has focused on two dimensions of parenting style: authority and affection [1, 2]. Authority or demandingness refers to the degree to which parents try to control their children’s behavior by setting rational standards for behavior. Affection or responsiveness refers to the amount and way love is expressed to the child and acceptance of the child’s points of view. Based on these dimensions, Baumrind identified three categories of parenting styles [1].

The  Authoritative parentshows high levels of control, coupled with high levels of warmth. Authoritative parents exercise significant authority over their children’s behavior but at the same time they do this with warmth...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyLaurentian UniversitySudburyCanada