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Synonyms

Study strategies; Study tactics

Definition

Study Skills comprise an integrated repertoire of tactics and strategies, which facilitates acquisition, organization, retention, and application of new information.

Description

Study skills encompass a broad range of tactics and strategies that ultimately allow students to effectively learn, organize, and recall new information. Although children are often expected to develop study skills naturally, research indicates that many students exhibit study skill deficits and require explicit instruction to acquire and appropriately use study skills [5]. Additionally, the degree to which students are able to study effectively is a strong predictor of academic achievement [1].

An important distinction must be drawn between study tactics and study strategies, both of which are often used interchangeably with study skills. Study tactics, or the specific techniques involved in studying, form the building blocks for effective study skill...

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References

  1. DiPerna, J. C. (2006). Academic enablers and student achievement: Implications for assessment and intervention services in the schools. Psychology in the Schools, 43, 7–17.

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  2. Gettinger, M., & Ball, C. (2006). Study skills. In G. G. Bear & K. M. Minke (Eds.), Children’s needs III: Development, prevention, and intervention (pp. 459–472). Bethesda, MD: National Association of School Psychologists.

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  3. Harvey, V. S., & Chickie-Wolfe, L. A. (2007a). Best practices in teaching study skills. In A. Thomas & J. Grimes (Eds.), Best practices in school psychology V (pp. 1121–1136). Bethesda, MD: National Association of School Psychologists.

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  4. Harvey, V. S., & Chickie-Wolfe, L. A. (2007b). Fostering independent learning: Practical strategies to promote student success. New York: Guilford.

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  5. Scanlon, D. J., Deshler, D. D., & Schumaker, J. B. (1996). Can a strategy be taught and learned in secondary inclusive classrooms?. Learning Disabilities Research and Practice, 7, 142–146.

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  6. Wood, E., Woloshyn, V. E., & Willoughby, T. (Eds.). (1995). Cognitive strategy instruction for middle and high school. Cambridge, MA: Brookline.

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© 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC

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Ball, C.R. (2011). Study Skills. In: Goldstein, S., Naglieri, J.A. (eds) Encyclopedia of Child Behavior and Development. Springer, Boston, MA. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-79061-9_2826

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-79061-9_2826

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Boston, MA

  • Print ISBN: 978-0-387-77579-1

  • Online ISBN: 978-0-387-79061-9

  • eBook Packages: Behavioral Science

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