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Protective Factors

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Synonyms

Buoyancy; Plasticity; Resilience

Definition

Factors that facilitate the attainment of positive outcomes.

Description

In the study of education and psychology researchers have investigated the role of specific factors that lead to either (a) desired outcomes such as strong academic performance and favorable social interactions or (b) undesired outcomes such as school dropout and troubles with the law. Those factors that promote the attainment of desired outcomes are referred to as “protective factors.” Those factors that result in less desired outcomes are referred to as “risk factors.” Risk and protective factors play a significant role within children’s lives and highly influence cognitive, social, and emotional development. These factors are often the focus of prevention and early intervention approaches within child populations.

Protective factors play a critical role in the resilience some children demonstrate. These factors are often thought to exist along five...

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-0-387-79061-9_2277
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References

  1. Mykota, D. B., & Muhajarine, N. (2005). Community Resilience Impact on Child and Youth Health Outcomes: A Neighbourhood Case Study. Canadian Journal of School Psychology, 20, 5–20.

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  5. U.S Department of Education, National center for education statistics. (2002). The condition of education, 2001. DC: Washington.

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© 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC

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Bell, C., Pham, A.V., Carlson, J.S. (2011). Protective Factors. In: Goldstein, S., Naglieri, J.A. (eds) Encyclopedia of Child Behavior and Development. Springer, Boston, MA. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-79061-9_2277

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