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To act according to ones moral values and standards. Children demonstrate prosocial and moral behavior when they share, help, co-operate, communicate, sympathize or in otherwise they demonstrate ability to care about others.


A number of elements affect whether an individual will act morally. The ability to reason about moral issues provides a basic level of understanding necessary for moral action. According to Kohlberg’s theory of moral development, individuals progress through stages of moral reasoning with higher order reasoning including concepts of fairness, justice and welfare [7]. Through the process of reasoning and judgment, an individual is able evaluate interpret the moral situation, formulate the moral ideal and choose a course of action that corresponds to one’s moral values. Thus, higher order moral reasoning may lead to greater likelihood of moral behavior. For instance, research has found that children who cheat have lower levels of moral...

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Talwar, V. (2011). Moral Behavior. In: Goldstein, S., Naglieri, J.A. (eds) Encyclopedia of Child Behavior and Development. Springer, Boston, MA.

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