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Apnea

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Definition

An impermanent interruption of breathing during sleep.

Description

Apnea is a reoccurring obstruction of air from the lungs or a problem in the brain that controls respiration. This is a sleep disorder that can cause sleepiness during the day because of the disruption of sleep. Some times an individual can stop breathing during sleep and then struggle for air. This constant struggle for air affects the quality of sleep often leaving the person feeling drained. This condition has been found in infants, children and adults.

Relevance to Childhood Development

Sleep apnea in children can affect cognitive and behavioral difficulties. Often, sleep disorders in children have been over looked. Current research shows a relationship of sleep disorders with Attention Deficit Disorder.

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  • DOI: 10.1007/978-0-387-79061-9_171
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References

  1. Forest, G. (2005). 11 Attention and memory changes. In Sleep deprivation: Basic science, physiology, and behavior (pp. 199–222). New York: Marcel Dekker.

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  2. Hansen, D. E., & Vandenberg, B. (1997). Neuropsychological Features and Differential Diagnosis of Sleep Apnea Syndrome in Children. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 26(3), 304–310.

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© 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC

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Vanderlaan, A.F. (2011). Apnea. In: Goldstein, S., Naglieri, J.A. (eds) Encyclopedia of Child Behavior and Development. Springer, Boston, MA. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-79061-9_171

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