Skip to main content

Longitudinal Research

  • Reference work entry
  • 273 Accesses

Definition

Longitudinal research refers to the analysis of data collected at multiple points in time.

Description

Longitudinal Design

Using this longitudinal research it is possible to examine changes over time. As shown by the yellow squares in Fig. 1, in research that uses a longitudinal design a single group of participants is followed and assessed at multiple points of time. For example, to examine the effects of poor nutrition in early life on aging, data could be collected from a group of young poorly nourished individuals who could then be followed over time. In this example, one of the advantages of using a longitudinal design would be that it would enable the researchers to identify what changes were due to aging compared to those that are due to other factors such as the habits of the individual i.e., smoking.

Longitudinal Research. Fig. 1
figure 1_1685

Shows how a longitudinal design can be used to examine the effects of aging. The participants in this design were first assessed between...

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-0-387-79061-9_1685
  • Chapter length: 2 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   949.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-0-387-79061-9
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Hardcover Book
USD   999.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Longitudinal Research. Fig. 1
Longitudinal Research. Fig. 2

References

  1. McCrae, R. R., Costa, P. T., & Arenberg, D. (1980). Constancy of adult personality structure in males: Longitudinal, cross-sectional and times-of-measurement analyses. Journal of Gerontology, 35, 877–883.

    PubMed  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2011 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC

About this entry

Cite this entry

McKinlay, A. (2011). Longitudinal Research. In: Goldstein, S., Naglieri, J.A. (eds) Encyclopedia of Child Behavior and Development. Springer, Boston, MA. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-79061-9_1685

Download citation