Encyclopedia of Child Behavior and Development

2011 Edition
| Editors: Sam Goldstein, Jack A. Naglieri

Intelligence Testing

  • R. Steve McCallum
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-79061-9_1520



Intelligence testing refers to the process of identifying, quantifying, and characterizing cognitive abilities by administration and scoring items designed for that purpose. Typically, methods and tasks used to assess intelligence are first investigated in the experimental laboratory and later adapted for administration according to a prescribed and standardized protocol. Standardized assessment allows individual-difference comparisons to peers. Some of the more common abilities assessed by intelligence tests include working and long-term memory, processing speed, vocabulary knowledge, numerical facility, and auditory and visual processing.


Meaningful assessment of intelligence requires that the construct be carefully defined. Random House Webster’s College Dictionary [12] describes intelligence as the capacity for learning,...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Steve McCallum
    • 1
  1. 1.Educational Psychology and CounselingUniversity of TennesseeKnoxvilleUSA