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Peer-to-Peer Streaming

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Encyclopedia of Multimedia

Synonyms

Streaming P2P architectures

Definition

Peer-to-Peer (P2P) architecture for multimedia streaming is emerging in recent years which can eliminate the need for costly dedicated video servers in the traditional client-sever approach.

Introduction

The basic concept of peer-to-peer (P2P) computing is not new and some techniques date back many years when the Internet was first designed. However, the key phrase “peer-to-peer” has become widely and publicly recognized mostly after the pioneering Napster (http://www.napster.com) file sharing network emerged in the late 1990s. Peer-to-peer is a very general term and people associate different concepts with it. Various forms of P2P techniques have been used in the fields of computing, networking, distributed file systems, and others. In this chapter we focus on how P2P techniques are being used for streaming media distribution.

P2P systems have some key characteristics that distinguish them from the traditional and widely used...

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© 2008 Springer-Verlag

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Zimmermann, R., Liu, L.S. (2008). Peer-to-Peer Streaming. In: Furht, B. (eds) Encyclopedia of Multimedia. Springer, Boston, MA. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-78414-4_174

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