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MPEG-1 Video Compression

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MPEG-1 video and audio compression standards were mainly devised for CD-ROM applications at 1.5 Mbps.

The MPEG-1 video compression algorithm was optimized for bitrates of 1.1 Mbps since coded video at about 1.1 Mbps and coded stereo audio at 128kbps together match the CD-ROM data rates of approximately 1.4Mbps [1]. SIF was used for optimal performance in MPEG-1 [1]. SIF corresponding to NTSC and PAL have the size of 352 × 240 at 29.97 fps and the size of 352 × 288 at 25 fps, respectively.

Key Compression Tools for MPEG Video

All MPEG standards are based on motion compensated transform coding, where main compression tools are following three: (1). Color conversion to YUV and down sampling in UV domain, (2). Spatial de-correlation, and (3). Temporal de-correlation. The video is encoded one macro block (MB) at a time. Each MB corresponds to a 16 × 16 luma component and the corresponding chroma components. First, UV domain down sampling is adopted to minimize domain resolution...

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  1. A.N. Netravali and B.G. Haskell, “Digital Pictures – Representation, Compression and Standards” (2nd edn), Plenum, New York, 1995, pp. 613–628.

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  2. J.L. Mitchell, W.B. Pennebaker, C.E. Fogg, and D.J. LeGall, “MPEG Video Compression Standard,” Digital Multimedia Standards Series, Chapman and Hall, London, 1996, pp. 135–169.

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  3. A. Bovik, “Handbook of Image and Video Processing,” Academic Press, San Diego, 2000, pp. 597–610.

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© 2008 Springer-Verlag

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(2008). MPEG-1 Video Compression. In: Furht, B. (eds) Encyclopedia of Multimedia. Springer, Boston, MA.

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