Encyclopedia of Biometrics

2009 Edition
| Editors: Stan Z. Li, Anil Jain

Face Recognition, 3D-Based

  • Ioannis A. Kakadiaris
  • Georgios Passalis
  • George Toderici
  • Takis Perakis
  • Theoharis Theoharis
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-73003-5_97


Face recognition is the procedure of recognizing an individual from their facial attributes or features and belongs to the class of biometrics recognition methods. 3D face recognition is a method of face recognition that exploits the 3D geometric information of the human face. It employs data from 3D sensors that capture information about the shape of a face. Recognition is based on matching metadata extracted from the 3D shapes of faces. In an identification scenario, the matching is one-to-many, in the sense that a probe is matched against all of the gallery data to find the best match above some threshold. In an authenticationscenario, the matching is one-to-one, in the sense that the probe is matched against the gallery entry for a claimed identity, and the claimed identity is taken to be authenticated if the quality of match exceeds some threshold. 3D face recognition has the potential to achieve better accuracy than its 2D counterpart by utilizing features that are...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ioannis A. Kakadiaris
    • 1
  • Georgios Passalis
    • 1
  • George Toderici
    • 1
  • Takis Perakis
    • 1
  • Theoharis Theoharis
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Computer Science, ECE and Biomedical EngineeringUniversity of HoustonHoustonUSA