Encyclopedia of Biometrics

2009 Edition
| Editors: Stan Z. Li, Anil Jain

Face Recognition, Near-Infrared

  • Stan Z. Li
  • Dong Yi
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-73003-5_94



Near-infrared (NIR) based face recognition, as opposed to the conventional visible light (VIS) based, is an effective approach n overcoming the impact of illumination changes on face recognition. It uses a special purpose imaging capture hardware, in which active NIR lights mounted around the camera lens illuminate the face from near frontal direction and an NIR camera captures front-lighted NIR face images. This is similar to a camera flash but the imaging is done in the invisible NIR spectrum. With such NIR face images, problems caused by uncertainties in uncontrollable environmental  illumination are minimized, and difficulties in building the face matching engine is much alleviated. The NIR approach usually achieves significantly higher performance than the VIS approach.


Face recognition should be performed based on intrinsic factors of the face, related to the...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stan Z. Li
    • 1
  • Dong Yi
    • 1
  1. 1.Biometrics and Security Research & National Laboratory of Pattern RecognitionInstitute of Automation, Chinese Academy of SciencesBeijingChina