Encyclopedia of Biometrics

2009 Edition
| Editors: Stan Z. Li, Anil Jain

Fingerprint Classification

  • Xudong Jiang
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-73003-5_56



Fingerprint classification is a procedure in which fingerprints are grouped in a consistent and reliable way, such that different impressions of a same finger fall into a same group. It can be viewed as a coarse-level pre-matching procedure so that a query fingerprint needs to be further compared with only a smaller subset of fingerprints in the database belonging to the same group. It is often necessary to integrate a classification module into a fingerprint identification system to speed up the database search. A database can be partitioned into  human-interpretable fingerprint classes based on Galton–Henry scheme or into  machine-generated fingerprint classes.


A fingerprint recognition system captures a user’s fingerprint and compares it with the information stored in a database to establish or to authenticate his/her identity. If an identity is claimed, the system compares the...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xudong Jiang
    • 1
  1. 1.Nanyang Technological UniversityNanyang LinkSingapore