Encyclopedia of Biometrics

2009 Edition
| Editors: Stan Z. Li, Anil Jain

Fingerprint Image Quality

  • Elham Tabassi
  • Patrick Grother
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-73003-5_52

Synonym

Expected performance or utility of fingerprint image in an automated comparison environment

Definition

The intrinsic characteristic of a biometric signal may be used to determine its suitability for further processing by the biometric system or assess its conformance to preestablished standards. The quality of a biometric signal is a numerical value (or a vector) that measures this intrinsic attribute. Quality score is a quantitative expression of the utility, or predicted performance of a biometric sample in a comparison environment. This means that finger image quality scores should correlate to the observed false match and false non-match rates of the samples.

Introduction

With an increase in the need for reliable identity authentication, biometric recognition systems have been increasingly deployed in several different applications: government applications such as national ID card, border control; and commercial applications, such as physical access control, e-commerce, or...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Elham Tabassi
    • 1
  • Patrick Grother
    • 1
  1. 1.National Institute of Standards and TechnologyMDUSA