Encyclopedia of Biometrics

2009 Edition
| Editors: Stan Z. Li, Anil Jain

Face Image Data Interchange Formats, Standardization

  • Patrick Grother
  • Elham Tabassi
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-73003-5_237

Synonym

Definition

Openly documented data structures for universally interpretable interchange of facial imagery.

Biometric data interchange standards are needed to allow the recipient of a data record to successfully process data from an arbitrary producer. This defines biometric interoperability and the connotation of the phrase “successfully process” is that the sample, in this case, a facial image record, can be accurately identified or verified. This can be achieved only if the data record is both syntactically and semantically conformant to a documentary standard.

Introduction

Facial image standards are perhaps the oldest documented biometric data standards. Predating even the fingerprint, the facial image has been mandated for identity documents since at least the World War I when several European governments saw the need for a facial photograph to serve as the core element in the cross-border identity verification application. Of course the...

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References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Patrick Grother
    • 1
  • Elham Tabassi
    • 1
  1. 1.National Institute of Standards and Technology USA