Encyclopedia of Biometrics

2009 Edition
| Editors: Stan Z. Li, Anil Jain

Finger Data Interchange Format, Standardization

  • Raul Sanchez-Reillo
  • Robert Mueller
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-73003-5_236



Set of ISO Standards that define common formats to encode information related to finger-based biometrics. Those formats are defined to allow interoperability among different vendors worldwide, and have been developed by the international community taking part in ISO/IEC JTC1/SC37 standardization subcommittee. Those documents define not only the way a fingerprint image has to be encoded, but also the way a feature vector composed of minutiae points has to be stored and/or transmitted. Furthermore, formats for the spectral data of the finger, as well as its skeletal data are defined.


Standardization is essential for the wide-spread adoption of technologies in open mass applications. Fingerprint recognition is not only the most prominent biometric measure, but also the biometric trait with the largest databases and the best long-term experience. Fingerprints are used in applications such as...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raul Sanchez-Reillo
    • 1
  • Robert Mueller
    • 2
  1. 1.University Carlos III of MadridAvda. UniversidadLeganes (Madrid)Spain
  2. 2.Giesecke & Devrient GmbH, Prinzregentenstr.MuenchenGermany