Encyclopedia of Biometrics

2009 Edition
| Editors: Stan Z. Li, Anil Jain

Image Pattern Recognition

  • Jian Yang
  • Jingyu Yang
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-73003-5_223

Synonyms

Definition

Image pattern recognition is the problem of exploring how to recognize image patterns. An image pattern recognition system generally consists of four parts: a camera that acquires the image samples to be classified, an image preprocessor that improves the qualities of images, a feature extraction mechanism that gains discriminative features from images for recognition, and a classification scheme that classifies the image samples based on the extracted features.

Introduction

Image is the most important pattern perceived everyday. A lot of biometric patterns, such as faces, fingerprints, palmprints, hands, iris, ears, are all shown in images. Image pattern recognition, therefore, the fundamental problem in pattern recognition area, particularly in biometrics. The process of an image pattern recognition task generally includes four steps: image acquisition, image preprocessing, image feature...
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access

References

  1. 1.
    Russ, J.C.: The Image Processing Handbook (4th edn.). Baker & Taylor Press, Charlotte, NC (2002)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Turk, M., Pentland, A.: Eigenfaces for recognition. J. Cogn. Neurosci. 3(1), 71–86 (1991)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Belhumeur, P.N., Hespanha, J.P., Kriengman, D.J.: Eigenfaces vs. Fisherfaces: recognition using class specific linear projection. IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Machine Intell. 19(7), 711–720 (1997)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Yang, J., Zhang, D., Frangi, A.F., Yang, J.-y.: Two-dimensional PCA: a new approach to face representation and recognition. IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Machine Intell. 26(1), 131–137 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Yang, J., Liu, C.: Horizontal and vertical 2DPCA-based discriminant analysis for face verification on a large-scale database. IEEE Trans. Inf. Forensics Security. 2(4), 781–792 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Yang, J., Yang, J.-y., Frangi, A.F., Zhang, D.: Uncorrelated projection discriminant analysis and its application to face image feature extraction. Intern. J. Pattern Recognit. Artif. Intell. 17(8), 1325–1347 (2003)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Ye, J., Janardan, R., Li, Q.: Two-dimensional linear discriminant analysis. In: Proceedings of the Annual Conference on Advances in Neural Information Processing Systems (NIPS’04), Vancouver, BC, Canada (2004)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Daugman, J.G.: Uncertainty relations for resolution in space, spatial frequency, and orientation optimized by two-dimensional visual cortical filters. J. Opt. Soc. Am. A. 2, 1160–1169 (1985)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ahonen, T., Hadid, A., Pietikainen, M.: Face description with local binary patterns: application to face recognition. IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Machine Intell. 28(12), 2037–2041 (2006)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Liu, C., Wechsler, H.: Gabor feature based classification using the enhanced fisher linear discriminant model for face recognition. IEEE Trans. Image Process. 11(4), 467–476 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Cover, T.M., Hart, P.E.: Nearest neighbor pattern classification. IEEE Trans. Inf. Theory. 13(1), 21–27 (1967)MATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Fukunaga, K.: Introduction to Statistical Pattern Recognition (2nd edn.). Academic Press, New York (1990)Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Li, S.Z., Lu, J.: Face recognition using the nearest feature line method. IEEE Trans. Neural Netw. 10(2), 439–443 (1999)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Burge, C.J.C.: A tutorial on support vector machines for pattern recognition. Data Min. Knowl. Disc. 2, 121–167 (1998)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Jain, A.K., Duin, R.P.W., Mao, J.: Statistical pattern recognition: a review. IEEE Trans. Pattern Anal. Machine Intell. 22(1), 4–37 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jian Yang
    • 1
  • Jingyu Yang
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Computer Science and TechnologyNanjing University of Science and TechnologyNanjingChina