Fingerprint, Forensic Evidence of
Fingermark identification procedure; Automatic fingerprint identification system; Forensic evaluation of fingerprints and fingermarks.
Forensic evidence of fingerprint is the field of forensic expertise related to the inference of the identity of source from the examination of all the friction ridge skin, namely the fingers, the palms, the toes, the soles, and their marks. But for the sake of simplicity, the text is mainly focused on fingerprints and fingermarks. The extreme variability of the fingerprints derives firstly from the knowledge of the morphogenesis of the papillary ridges pertaining to embryology and, secondly, from statistical researches pertaining to dactyloscopy. This variability is mainly used in four different processes within forensic science: identity verification, forensic intelligence, forensic investigation, and forensic evaluation. The first three processes are based on the use of Automatic Fingerprint Identification Systems (AFIS). The...
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