Encyclopedia of Biometrics

2009 Edition
| Editors: Stan Z. Li, Anil Jain

Iris Digital Watermarking

  • Nick Bartlow
  • Nathan Kalka
  • Bojan Cukic
  • Arun Ross
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-73003-5_170



Iris digital watermarking is a specific type of  digital watermarking that involves the imperceptible embedding of data (the watermark) in iris images (the host) in order to impart additional security to an iris biometric system. The watermark data can be strings of random digits; system specific identifiers, such as organization names and file creation dates; or biometric feature vectors. The additional security offered by the watermark may result from using it as a mechanism for proving the authenticity of the host image, tracking the chain of custody, or incorporating a multimodal biometric option. Iris digital watermarking or  biometric watermarking, in general, is typically used in tandem with  cryptography, and importantly, provides a layer of security that remains intact after the decryption process. A functional iris digital watermark should not degrade the performance of the host biometric system it protects.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nick Bartlow
    • 1
  • Nathan Kalka
    • 1
  • Bojan Cukic
    • 1
  • Arun Ross
    • 1
  1. 1.West Virginia UniversityMorgantownUSA