Encyclopedia of Biometrics

2009 Edition
| Editors: Stan Z. Li, Anil Jain

Finger Vein Reader

  • Mitsutoshi Himaga
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-73003-5_17



A finger vein reader is a biometric device that comprises at least one optical imaging unit designed to capture finger vein patterns of an individual and a digital signal processor that digitizes the captured finger vein patterns to be utilized as biometric features.


Unlike conventional biometric features such as finger print, vascular network patterns cannot be observed without using specially designed equipment and thus, it is extremely difficult to steal or duplicate the biometric information. The possibility of biometric identification based on human finger vein patterns captured by transmitting light was indicated by Shimizu in 1992 [1]. However, it was not until Kono et al. developed a near-infrared finger vein reader prototype and demonstrated its effectiveness in 2000 that the concept became reality [2]. Kono et al. further evaluated the performance of the...

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    Shimizu, K.: Optical trans-body imaging: feasibility of optical CT and functional imaging of living body. Jpn. J. Medicina philosophica 11, 620–629 (1992) (in Japanese)Google Scholar
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    Kono, M., Ueki, H., Umemura, S.: A new method for the identification of individuals by using vein pattern matching of a finger. In: Proceedings of the Fifth Symposium on Pattern Measurement, pp. 9–12, Yamaguchi, Japan. (2000) (in Japanese)Google Scholar
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    Kono, M., Ueki, H., Umemura, S.: Near-infrared finger vein patterns for personal identification. Appl. Opt. 41(35), 7429–7436 (2002)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Yanagawa, T., Aoki, S., Ohyama, T.: Human finger vein images are diverse and its patterns are useful for personal identification. MHF Preprint Series, MHF 2007–12, Kyushu University 21st Century COE Program, Development of Dynamic Mathematics with High Functionality (2007). http://www2.math.kyushu-u.ac.jp/coe/report/pdf/2007-12.pdf
  5. 5.
    UB Reader is developed by Hitachi-Omron Terminal Solutions, Corp. http://www.hitachi-omron-ts.com
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    International Biometric Group, LLC. http://www.biometricgroup.com
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    Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation, http://www.smbc.co.jp/global/index.html
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    Conducted by Hitachi-Omron, January 2008Google Scholar
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    Hitachi Information and Control Solutions, Ltd., http://www.hitachi-ics.co.jp/product/english/index_en.htm
  14. 14.
    Electric locks developed by Miwa Lock Co., Ltd. http://www.miwalock.com/
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    Hitachi Software Engineering, Co., Ltd.http://hitachisoft.jp/English/index.html
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    Alpha Locker System Co., Ltd., http://www.alpha-locker.com/index.html

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mitsutoshi Himaga
    • 1
  1. 1.Hitachi-Omron Terminal Solutions, Corp.TokyoJapan