Encyclopedia of Biometrics

2009 Edition
| Editors: Stan Z. Li, Anil Jain

Forensic Applications, Overview

  • Christophe Champod
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-73003-5_100

Introduction

The use of biometric data is a decisive process in  forensic sciencethat helps to establish a person’s identity or associate two unknown persons. Forensic scientists realized that physiological or behavioral data could help to inform about, sort, and potentially individualize the persons involved in criminal offences. It is the case when (1) an unknown individual (living or his/her remains) has to be identified, (2) when biometric traces left by unknown individuals during activities of interest have to be traced back to their sources, or (3) when biometric traces have to be linked together in a series. Situations (1) and (2) require comparison between biometric information gathered from unknown sources and material of known (or declared as such) origin, either on a one-to-one or on a one-to-many basis. In the latter case, data of known origin are organized in a database, allowing one-to-many searches. The third situation (3) compares biometric material from unknown...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christophe Champod
    • 1
  1. 1.Institut de Police Scientifique, Ecole des Sciences CriminellesUniversité de Lausanne Switzerland