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Web Transactions

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Internet transactions


A Web Transaction is a transactional interaction between a client, usually a web browser, and one or several databases as backend of a multi-tier architecture. The middle tier of the architecture includes a web server which accepts client requests via HTTP. It forwards these requests either directly to the underlying database or to an application server which, in turn, interacts with the database.

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The main application of Web transactions is in eCommerce applications. In a minimal configuration, the architecture for Web transactions consists of a client, a web server and a database server. Database access is provided at the web server level, i.e., by embedding database access into Java servlets or JavaServer Pages (JSP). More sophisticated architectures consider a dedicated application server layer (i.e., an implementation of the Java Enterprise Edition specification Java EE) and support distributed databases. Communication between...

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Recommended Reading

  1. Barga R., Lomet D., Shegalov G., and Weikum G. Recovery Guarantees for Internet Applications. ACM Trans. Internet Technol., 4(3):289–328, 2004.

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  2. Burke R. and Monson-Haefel R. Enterprise JavaBeans 3.0. O’Reilly, 2006.

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  3. Luo Q., Krishnamurthy S., Mohan C., Pirahesh H., Woo H., Lindsay B., and Naughton J. Middle-tier database caching for e-business. In Proc. ACM SIGMOD Int. Conf. on Management of Data, 2002, pp. 600 –611.

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© 2009 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC

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Schuldt, H. (2009). Web Transactions. In: LIU, L., ÖZSU, M.T. (eds) Encyclopedia of Database Systems. Springer, Boston, MA.

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