Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2009 Edition

Main Memory

  • Peter Boncz
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-39940-9_683



Primary storage, presently known as main memory, is the largest memory directly accessible to the CPU in the prevalent Von Neumann model and stores both data and instructions (program code). The CPU continuously reads instructions stored there and executes them. Also called Random Access Memory (RAM), to indicate that load/store instructions can access data at any location at the same cost, it is usually implemented using DRAM chips, which are connected to the CPU and other peripherals (disk drive, network) via a bus.

Key Points

The earliest computers used tubes, then transistors and since the 1970s in integrated circuits. RAM chips generally store a bit of data in either the state of a flip-flop, as in SRAM (static RAM), or as a charge in a capacitor (or transistor gate), as in DRAM (dynamic RAM). Some types have circuitry to detect and/or correct random faults called memory errors in the stored data, using parity bits...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Peter Boncz
    • 1
  1. 1.CWIAmsterdamThe Netherlands