Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2009 Edition

Buffer Manager

  • Goetz Graefe
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-39940-9_677



If a buffer pool is employed in a database management system, the associated software must provide appropriate services for efficient query processing, correct transaction execution, and effective sharing and reuse of database pages. It must provide interfaces for page access including pinning and latching pages, and it must invoke primitives for disk I/O and synchronization.

Historical Background

Database buffer pool management was studied heavily in the 1970s and 1980s as the new relational database management system posed new challenges, in particular non-procedural queries with range scans. Reliance of virtual memory and file system buffer pool was investigated but rejected due to performance issues (read-ahead, prefetch) and correctness issues (transaction management, write-behind, write-through).

Buffer pool management is currently not a very active research area. It may be revived in order to serve deep storage hierarchies, e.g., slow disk,...

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Recommended Reading

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    Bansal S. and Modha D.S. CAR: Clock with adaptive replacement. In Proc. 3rd USENIX Conf. on File and Storage Technologies, 2004, pp. 187–200.Google Scholar
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    Chou H-T. and DeWitt D.J. An evaluation of buffer management strategies for relational database systems. Algorithmica, 1(3):311–336, 1986.MathSciNetCrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Effelsberg W. and Härder T. Principles of database buffer management. ACM Trans. Database Syst., 9(4):560–595, 1984.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Gray J. and Putzolu G.R. The 5 minute rule for trading memory for disk accesses and the 10 byte rule for trading memory for CPU Time. In Proc. ACM SIGMOD Int. Conf. on Management of Data, 1987, pp. 395–398.Google Scholar
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    Ramamurthy R. and DeWitt D.J. Buffer-pool Aware Query Optimization. In Proc. 2nd Biennial Conf. on Innovative Data Systems Research, 2005, pp. 250–261.Google Scholar
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    Stonebraker M. Operating System Support for Database Management. Commun. ACM, 24(7):412–418, 1981.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Goetz Graefe
    • 1
  1. 1.Hewlett-Packard LaboratoriesPalo AltoUSA