Encyclopedia of Database Systems

2009 Edition

Client-Server DBMS

  • M. Tamer Özsu
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-39940-9_664


Client-server DBMS (database management system) refers to an architectural paradigm that separates database functionality between client machines and servers.

Historical Background

The original idea, which is to offload the database management functions to a special server, dates back to the early 1970s [1]. At the time, the computer on which the database system was run was called the database machine, database computer, or backend computer, while the computer that ran the applications was called the host computer. More recent terms for these are the database server and application server, respectively.

The client-server architecture, as it appears today, has become a popular architecture around the beginning of 1990s [2]. Prior to that, the distribution of database functionality assumed that there was no functional difference between the client machines and servers (i.e., an earlier form of today’s peer-to-peer architecture). Client-server architectures are believed to be...

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Recommended Reading

  1. 1.
    Canaday R.H., Harrisson R.D., Ivie E.L., Rydery J.L., and Wehr L.A. A back-end computer for data base management. Commun. ACM, 17(10):575–582, 1974.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Orfali R., Harkey D., and Edwards J. Essential Client/Server Survival Guide, Wiley, New York, 1994.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Özsu M.T. and Valduriez P. Principles of Distributed Database Systems, 2nd edn., Prentice-Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ, 1999.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Tamer Özsu
    • 1
  1. 1.University of WaterlooWaterloo, ONCanada