In computer science, the representation of an image can take many forms. Most of the time, it refers to the way that the conveyed information, such as color, is coded digitally and how the image is stored, i.e., how is structured an image file. Several open or patented standards were proposed to create, manipulate store and exchange digital images. They describe the format of image files, the algorithms of image encoding such as compression as well as the format of additional information often called metadata. Differently, the visual content of the image can also take part in its representation. This more recent concept has provided new approaches of representation and new standards, gathered together into the discipline named content-based image indexing.
The first use of digital images began in the early 1920s with the technological development of...
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Adobe XMP main page: http://www.adobe.com/products/xmp/index.html. 5
Datta R. Joshi D. Li J. and Wang J. Z. 2008. Image retrieval: Ideas, influences, and trends of the new age. ACM Comput. Surv. 40(2),
Fileformat.info. http://www.fileformat.info/format/could.htm. 3
Ian S., Burnett, Pereira F., Van de Walle R., and Koenen R. The MPEG-21 Book. Wiley, 2006.
Manjunath B.S., Salembier P., and Sikora T. Introduction to MPEG-7: Multimedia Content Description Interface. Wiley & Sons, 2002.
Murray J. D. and vanRyper W. Encyclopedia of Graphics File Formats. 2nd ed. O'Reilly, 1996.
Oleg S., Pianykh. Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine (DICOM): A Practical Introduction and Survival Guide. Springer, 2008.
Salomon D., Motta G., and Bryant D. Data Compression: The Complete Reference. Springer, 4th edition, 2006.
Taubman D. S. and Marcellin M. W. JPEG 2000: Image Compression Fundamentals, Standards and Practice. Kluwer International Series in Engineering and Computer Science, Secs 642, 52001.
Wallace G. K. The JPEG still picture compressin standard. Commun. ACM, 34(4):30–44, April 1991. 3
Editors and Affiliations
Rights and permissions
© 2009 Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
About this entry
Cite this entry
Gouet-Brunet, V. (2009). Image Representation. In: LIU, L., ÖZSU, M.T. (eds) Encyclopedia of Database Systems. Springer, Boston, MA. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-39940-9_1438
Publisher Name: Springer, Boston, MA
Print ISBN: 978-0-387-35544-3
Online ISBN: 978-0-387-39940-9
eBook Packages: Computer ScienceReference Module Computer Science and Engineering