Skip to main content

Processing Levels

  • Reference work entry
  • First Online:
Encyclopedia of Remote Sensing

Part of the book series: Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series ((EESS))

  • 510 Accesses

Definition

Processing levels. A means of describing the way remote sensing digital data are processed from raw or engineering units to informational geophysical products. These are typically differentiated by numeric (or sometimes alphabetical) hierarchies, from Level Zero, indicating engineering units or the data from the actual sensor system, to Level Four indicating geophysical products. Typically processing levels are applied to satellite data streams, but they have been utilized in other forms of remote sensing data.

Introduction

Processing levels as used in remote sensing activities are a methodology for differentiating raw (low) from more highly processed forms of digital data, typically collected by satellite systems. The practice of defining processing levels originates from the space physics research community early in the 1970s civilian satellite research era. First references to processing levels within the US remote sensing community are traced to the Committee on Data...

This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution to check access.

Access this chapter

Institutional subscriptions

Bibliography

  • Chandra, (2008). Standard data processing (webpage). Available from World Wide Web: http://cxc.harvard.edu/ciao/data/sdp.html

  • Committee on Data Management and Computation (CODMAC), 1982. In Bernstein, R., et al. (eds.), Data Management and Computation Volume 1: Issues and Recommendations. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Committee on Data Management and Computation (CODMAC), and National Research Council, 1986. Issues and Recommendations Associated with Distributed Computation and Data Management Systems for the Space Sciences. Washington, DC: National Academy Press.

    Google Scholar 

  • Earth Observing System (EOS), 2006. In Parkinson, C. (ed.), Earth Science Reference Handbook. Greenbelt, MD: Goddard Space Flight Center, p. 277. Available from World Wide Web: http://eospso.gsfc.nasa.gov/ftp_docs/2006ReferenceHandbook.pdf

  • Gutman, G., and Alexander, I., 1997. Towards a common language in satellite data management: a new processing level nomenclature. In Proceedings Geoscience and Remote Sensing, 1997. IGARSS’97. Remote Sensing – A Scientific Vision for Sustainable Development. Piscataway, NJ: IEEE International, Vol. 3, pp. 1252–1254.

    Google Scholar 

  • Gutman, G., Tarpley, D., Ignatov, A., and Olson, S., 1995. The enhanced NOAA global land dataset from the advance very high resolution radiometer. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 76(7), 1141–1156.

    Google Scholar 

  • Hunolt, G., (2003). SEEDS levels of service/cost estimation study. In Working Paper Five: Data/Provider Model, Requests and Levels of Service. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, p. 29. Available from World Wide Web: http://esdswg.gsfc.nasa.gov/st_cost.html#Documents.

  • Kobler, B., and John, B., 1995. Architecture and design of storage and data management for the NASA earth observing system data and information system (EOSDIS). In Fourteenth IEEE Symposium on Mass Storage Systems. Washington, DC: IEEE Computer Society, pp. 65–76, 1051–9173/95.

    Google Scholar 

  • NOAA, (2001). NOAA KLM Users Guide, Section 6.0 Ingest and Pre-processing. Available from World Wide Web: http://www.ncdc.noaa.gov/oa/pod-guide/ncdc/docs/klm/index.htm

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Ron Weaver .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and permissions

Copyright information

© 2014 Springer Science+Business Media New York

About this entry

Cite this entry

Weaver, R. (2014). Processing Levels. In: Njoku, E.G. (eds) Encyclopedia of Remote Sensing. Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series. Springer, New York, NY. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-36699-9_36

Download citation

Publish with us

Policies and ethics