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Climate Data Records

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Definition

Following NRC (2004), a climate data record (CDR) is defined as a time series of measurements of sufficient length, consistency, and continuity to determine climate variability and change. For satellite-based CDR, these can be further defined as fundamental CDRs (FCDRs), which are calibrated and quality-controlled sensor data that have been improved over time, and thematic CDRs (TCDRs), which are geophysical variables derived from the FCDRs, such as sea surface temperature and cloud fraction.

Applying the nomenclature that a satellite record meets the standard of a CDR implies that the products were generated and maintained with attention to data stewardship and management, with developed access and dissemination policies. CDR often requires updating and reprocessing to maintain consistency and quality, which implies that the underlying datasets and information used in their creation, such as metadata, are preserved indefinitely in formats that promote easy access. Products...

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Bibliography

  • NRC, 2004. Climate Data Records from Environmental Satellites: Interim Report (2004). Washington, DC: Committee on Climate Data Records from NOAA Operational Satellites/National Research Council/National Academies Press. 150 p, 7 x 10.

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Acknowledgments

The material in this section was drawn from NRC (2004).

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Correspondence to Eric F. Wood .

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© 2014 Springer Science+Business Media New York

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Wood, E.F. (2014). Climate Data Records. In: Njoku, E.G. (eds) Encyclopedia of Remote Sensing. Encyclopedia of Earth Sciences Series. Springer, New York, NY. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-36699-9_15

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