Encyclopedia of Remote Sensing

2014 Edition
| Editors: Eni G. Njoku

Radio-Frequency Interference (RFI) in Passive Microwave Sensing

  • David KunkeeEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-36699-9_153


Electromagnetic interference (EMI)


Radio-frequency interference (RFI) in passive microwave remote sensing occurs when anthropogenic (man-made) signals contaminate calibrated radiometric brightness temperature measurements of naturally occurring background thermal radiation resulting in anomalous measurements.


Radio-frequency interference (RFI) to space-based passive microwave remote sensing systems became an important consideration after brightness temperature measurements from the Advanced Microwave Scanning Radiometer on NASA’s Earth Observing System (AMSR-E) showed widespread contamination from anthropogenic emissions. The AMSR-E, part of NASA’s Aqua mission, was launched on May 4, 2002, and was the first space-based radiometer since the scanning multichannel microwave radiometer (SMMR) (the SeaSat 7 mission ended in October 1987 and carried the last SMMR) to measure upwelling brightness temperatures near 6.8 GHz. Contamination (RFI) of brightness...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Aerospace CorporationLos AngelesUSA