Encyclopedia of Remote Sensing

2014 Edition
| Editors: Eni G. Njoku

Radiation, Multiple Scattering

  • Frank S. MarzanoEmail author
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-36699-9_143


Multiple scattering is an effect due to propagation of waves through a medium characterized by a random distribution of discrete scatterers, usually embedded in a continuum medium. The random distribution may be due to the size probability distribution of the scatterer polydispersion, their orientation, and their relative motion, whereas scatterers may be particles, objects, or medium spatial irregularities.


The propagation of waves through a medium characterized by a random distribution of discrete scatterers, usually embedded in a continuum medium, is usually characterized by multiple scattering. This effect is strongly dependent on the ratio between the scatterer average size and the wavelength. Examples of such media, where multiple scattering may happen, are hydrometeors and aerosols in atmosphere; leaves, branches, and trunks in forests; ice-air irregularities in snow packs; air bubbles and fishes in oceans; and cellular structures and blood cells in...

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Information EngineeringSapienza University of RomeRomeJapan
  2. 2.Centre of Excellence CETEMPSUniversity of L’AquilaL’AquilaJapan