Encyclopedia of Language and Education

2008 Edition
| Editors: Nancy H. Hornberger

Researching Language Socialization

  • Paul B. Garrett
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-30424-3_254


Language socialization is the human developmental process whereby a child or other novice (of any age) acquires the knowledge, skills, orientations, and practices that enable him or her to participate in the social life of a particular community. A key aspect of language socialization is the development of communicative competence, which involves acquiring proficiency in the use of a given language (or languages) as well as the culturally based knowledge that one needs in order to use language in culturally intelligible, socially appropriate ways (Garrett and Baquedano‐López, 2002; Ochs and Schieffelin, 1984; Schieffelin and Ochs, 1986a).

Language socialization occurs primarily through the child or novice's interactions with older or otherwise more experienced persons, although in most cases it involves interactions with peers as well. Socializing interactions may be highly formalized and regimented, designed explicitly to promote a particular kind of learning: a classroom...


Language Acquisition Communicative Competence Language Shift Language Socialization Participant Structure 
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© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul B. Garrett
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyTemple UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA