Encyclopedia of Language and Education

2008 Edition
| Editors: Nancy H. Hornberger

Researching Language Socialization

  • Paul B. Garrett
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-30424-3_254

Introduction

Language socialization is the human developmental process whereby a child or other novice (of any age) acquires the knowledge, skills, orientations, and practices that enable him or her to participate in the social life of a particular community. A key aspect of language socialization is the development of communicative competence, which involves acquiring proficiency in the use of a given language (or languages) as well as the culturally based knowledge that one needs in order to use language in culturally intelligible, socially appropriate ways (Garrett and Baquedano‐López, 2002; Ochs and Schieffelin, 1984; Schieffelin and Ochs, 1986a).

Language socialization occurs primarily through the child or novice's interactions with older or otherwise more experienced persons, although in most cases it involves interactions with peers as well. Socializing interactions may be highly formalized and regimented, designed explicitly to promote a particular kind of learning: a classroom...

Keywords

Language Acquisition Communicative Competence Language Shift Language Socialization Participant Structure 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Baquedano‐López, P.: 2001, ‘Creating social identities through doctrina narratives’, in A. Duranti (ed.), Linguistic Anthropology: A Reader, Blackwell, Oxford, 343–358.Google Scholar
  2. Capps, L. and Ochs, E.: 1995, Constructing Panic: The Discourse of Agoraphobia, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, MA.Google Scholar
  3. Cook, H.M.: 1999, ‘Language socialization in Japanese elementary schools: Attentive listening and reaction turns’, Journal of Pragmatics 31(11), 1443–1465.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Duff, P.A.: 1995, ‘An ethnography of communication in immersion classrooms in Hungary’, TESOL Quarterly 29(3), 505–537.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Duff, P.A., Wong, P., and Early, M.: 2000, ‘Learning language for work and life: The linguistic socialization of immigrant Canadians seeking careers in healthcare’, The Canadian Modern Language Review/La Revue Canadienne des Langues Vivantes 57(1), 9–57.Google Scholar
  6. Dunn, C.D.: 1999a, ‘Toward the study of communicative development as a life‐span process’, Anthropology and Education Quarterly 30(4), 451–454.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Dunn, C.D.: 1999b, ‘Coming of age in Japan: Language ideology and the acquisition of formal speech registers’, in J. Verschueren (ed.), Language and Ideology: Selected Papers from the Sixth International Pragmatics Conference, Volume 1, International Pragmatics Association, Antwerp, 89–97.Google Scholar
  8. Duranti, A., Ochs, E., and Ta'ase, E.K.: 1995, ‘Change and tradition in literacy instruction in a Samoan American community’, Educational Foundations 9(4), 57–74.Google Scholar
  9. Fader, A.: 2001, ‘Literacy, bilingualism, and gender in a Hasidic community’, Linguistics and Education 12(3), 261–283.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Field, M.: 2001, ‘Triadic directives in Navajo language socialization’, Language in Society 30(2), 249–263.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Garrett, P.B.: 2005, ‘What a language is good for: Language socialization, language shift, and the persistence of code‐specific genres in St. Lucia’, Language in Society 34(3), 327–361.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Garrett, P.B. and Baquedano‐López, P.: 2002, ‘Language socialization: Reproduction and continuity, transformation and change’, Annual Review of Anthropology 31, 339–361.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Goodwin, C.: 2004, ‘A competent speaker who can't speak: The social life of aphasia’, Journal of Linguistic Anthropology 14(2), 151–170.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Gutiérrez, K., Baquedano‐López, P., and Alvarez, H.: 2001, ‘Using hybridity to build literacy in urban classrooms’, in M. de la Luz Reyes and J.J. Halcón (eds.), The Best for Our Children: Latina/Latino Voices in Literacy, Teachers College Press, New York, 122–141.Google Scholar
  15. He, A.W.: 2001, ‘The language of ambiguity: Practices in Chinese heritage language classes’, Discourse Studies 3(1), 75–96.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Heath, S.B.: 1983, Ways with Words: Language, Life, and Work in Communities and Classrooms, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  17. Howard, K.M.: 2004, ‘Socializing respect at school in Northern Thailand’, Working Papers in Educational Linguistics 20(1), 1–30.Google Scholar
  18. Kramsch, C. (ed.): 2002, Language Acquisition and Language Socialization: Ecological Perspectives, Continuum, New York.Google Scholar
  19. Kulick, D.: 1992, Language Shift and Cultural Reproduction: Socialization, Self, and Syncretism in a Papua New Guinean Village, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  20. Kulick, D. and Schieffelin, B.B.: 2004, ‘Language socialization’, in A. Duranti (ed.), A Companion to Linguistic Anthropology, Blackwell, Oxford, 349–368.Google Scholar
  21. Moore, L.C.: 2004, ‘Multilingualism and second language acquisition in the northern Mandara Mountains of Cameroon’, in G. Echu and S.G. Obeng (eds.), Africa Meets Europe: Language Contact in West Africa, Nova Science Publishers, New York, 131–147.Google Scholar
  22. Ochs, E.: 1988, Culture and Language Development: Language Acquisition and Language Socialization in a Samoan Village, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  23. Ochs, E.: 2002, ‘Becoming a speaker of culture’, in C. Kramsch (ed.), Language Acquisition and Language Socialization: Ecological Perspectives, Continuum, London, 99–120.Google Scholar
  24. Ochs, E. and Jacoby, S.: 1998, ‘Down to the wire: The cultural clock of physicists and the discourse of consensus’, Language in Society 26(4), 479–505.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Ochs, E. and Schieffelin, B.B.: 1984, ‘Language acquisition and socialization: Three developmental stories and their implications’, in R.A. Shweder and R.A. LeVine (eds.), Culture Theory: Essays in Mind, Self and Emotion, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 276–320.Google Scholar
  26. Ochs, E. and Schieffelin, B.B.: 1995, ‘The impact of language socialization on grammatical development’, in P. Fletcher and B. MacWhinney (eds.), The Handbook of Child Language, Basil Blackwell, Cambridge, MA, 73–94.Google Scholar
  27. Ochs, E., Smith, R., and Taylor, C.: 1989, ‘Detective stories at dinnertime: Problem‐solving through co‐narration’, Cultural Dynamics 2, 238–257.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Ochs, E., Taylor, C., Rudolph, D., and Smith, R.: 1992, ‘Story‐telling as a theory‐building activity’, Discourse Processes 15(1), 37–72.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Ohta, A.S.: 1999, ‘Interactional routines and the socialization of interactional style in adult learners of Japanese’, Journal of Pragmatics 31, 1493–1512.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Paugh, A.: 2005, ‘Learning about work at dinnertime: Language socialization in dual‐earner American families’, Discourse and Society 16(1), 55–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Schieffelin, B.B.: 1990, The Give and Take of Everyday Life: Language Socialization of Kaluli Children, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  32. Schieffelin, B.B.: 1996, ‘Creating evidence: Making sense of written words in Bosavi’, in E. Ochs, E.A. Schegloff, and S.A. Thompson (eds.), Interaction and Grammar, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 435–460.Google Scholar
  33. Schieffelin, B.B. and Ochs, E.: 1986a, ‘Language socialization’, Annual Review of Anthropology 15, 163–191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Schieffelin, B.B. and Ochs, E. (eds.): 1986b, Language Socialization Across Cultures, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  35. Schieffelin, B.B. and Ochs, E.: 1996, ‘The microgenesis of competence: Methodology in language socialization’, in D.I. Slobin, J. Gerhardt, A. Kyratzis, and J. Guo (eds.), Social Interaction, Social Context, and Language: Essays in Honor of Susan Ervin‐Tripp, Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Mahwah, NJ, 251–264.Google Scholar
  36. Watson‐Gegeo, K.A.: 1992, ‘Thick explanation in the ethnographic study of child socialization: A longitudinal study of the problem of schooling for Kwara'ae (Solomon Islands) children’, New Directions for Child Development 58, 51–66.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Watson‐Gegeo, K.A. and Gegeo, D.W.: 1992, ‘Schooling, knowledge, and power: Social transformation in the Solomon Islands’, Anthropology and Education Quarterly 23(1), 10–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Paul B. Garrett
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyTemple UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA