Encyclopedia of Language and Education

2008 Edition
| Editors: Nancy H. Hornberger

Continua of Biliteracy

  • Nancy H. Hornberger
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-30424-3_237

Introduction

The continua of biliteracy model offers an ecological framework in which to situate research, teaching, and language planning in linguistically diverse settings (Hornberger, 2003). The framework uses the notion of intersecting and nested continua to demonstrate the multiple and complex interrelationships between bilingualism and literacy and the importance of the contexts, media, and content through which biliteracy develops. The notion of continuum is intended to convey that although one can identify (and name) points on the continuum, those points are not finite, static, or discrete. There are infinitely many points on the continuum; any single point is inevitably and inextricably related to all other points; and all the points have more in common than not with each other.

Biliteracy, in this model, is defined as “any and all instances in which communication occurs in two (or more) languages in or around writing” (Hornberger, 1990, p. 213), a definition which follows...

Keywords

Language Policy Language Minority Bilingual Education Language Planning Heritage Language 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nancy H. Hornberger
    • 1
  1. 1.University of PennsylvaniaGraduate School of EducationPhiladelphiaUSA