Encyclopedia of Language and Education

2008 Edition
| Editors: Nancy H. Hornberger

The Language Ecology of Singapore

  • Anthea Fraser Gupta
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-30424-3_224

Introduction

The language ecology of Singapore has been shaped by educational policy, which in turn has been a response to a particularly complex language ecology. Concepts of indigeneity are meaningless in this city state, which has been a multicultural trading port since at least the fourteenth century (Gupta, 1994; Miksic, 2004), and whose present language make‐up is the result of British colonialism and associated immigration in the nineteenth century (Gupta, 1994; Platt and Weber, 1980). The colonial government manipulated the delivery of education as a tool of ethnic management and social engineering, and this policy has been continued by the government of independent Singapore (Benjamin, 1976; Bloom, 1986; Chua, 1995; Gopinathan, Pakir, Ho and Saravanan (eds), 1998; Gupta, 1994; Murray, 1971; Pennycook, 1994; PuruShotam, 1998; Tan, Gopinathan and Ho (eds), 1997; Tremewan, 1994).

The extreme societal and individual multilingualism of the early twentieth century (Kuo, 1976;...

Keywords

Official Language Social Engineering High Social Class School Language Language Shift 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Anthea Fraser Gupta
    • 1
  1. 1.School ofEnglishUniversity of LeedsLeedsUK