Encyclopedia of Language and Education

2008 Edition
| Editors: Nancy H. Hornberger

The Language Ecology of Australia's Community Languages

  • Sandra Kipp
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-30424-3_222


Language ecology in a country of immigration such as Australia is the result of a complex interaction between:
  1. 1.

    the backgrounds and pre‐migration experiences of a wide range of different groups and individuals;

  2. 2.

    the overarching effect of the dominant language of the receiving community (in this case English) on all of the incoming language users; and

  3. 3.

    the policies (either implicit or explicit) in place in the country of immigration towards the use of languages other than English (LOTEs).


This chapter considers under Early Developments the multi‐lingual history of Australia and the changing attitudes towards linguistic diversity since European settlement. For the first 150 years or so there were few attempts to quantify or discuss in any depth the contribution of LOTEs to a national linguistic demography.

The later parts of the chapter outline the ways in which it has been possible to track the developing linguistic demography of Australia since the mid‐1970s,...


Immigration Policy Community Language Bilingual Education Australian Context Asian Language 
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© Springer Science+Business Media LLC 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sandra Kipp
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Linguistics and Applied LinguisticsThe University of MelbourneVictoriaAustralia