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Language Ecology and Language Ideology

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Encyclopedia of Language and Education

Introduction

An ecological approach to language in society requires investigation of the relationship of languages to each other, to the speakers of those languages, and to the social structures in the society in which the languages are spoken (Creese and Martin, 2003). These relationships are visible in the ways in which languages are used, and in social actors' attitudes to, and beliefs about, languages. Relationships between languages and their speakers, and languages and societal structures, are subject to their social, political and historical contexts. Language ecologies include the discourse which constructs values and beliefs about languages at state, institutional, national and global levels. That is, ecologies of languages may be better understood when complemented with discussion of ideologies of language.

Early Developments

In developing the notion of language ecology, Haugen ( 1972) argued that the ecology of a language is partly psychological, partly sociological, and is...

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Blackledge, A. (2008). Language Ecology and Language Ideology. In: Hornberger, N.H. (eds) Encyclopedia of Language and Education. Springer, Boston, MA. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-30424-3_219

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-30424-3_219

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Boston, MA

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