The Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2007 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, F. Jamil Ragep, JoAnn Palmeri, Marvin Bolt

Markarian, Beniamin Egishevich

  • Ian T. Durham
Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-30400-7_901

BornShulaver, (Armenia), 29 November 1913

DiedYerevan, (Armenia), 29 September 1985

Armenian observational astronomer Beniamin Markarian is remembered for the discovery of many hundreds of galaxies, the Markarian galaxies, characterized by more emission in the ultraviolet [UV] part of the spectrum than found in normal spirals or ellipticals. Many of them also have compact nuclei and are related to the quasars. Mkn 421 was the first object outside the Milky Way recognized as a source of photons as energetic as teraelectron volts.

Markarian graduated with a degree in mathematics from Yerevan State University in 1938 and began postgraduate work with Viktor Ambartsumian, defending his thesis in 1944 and beginning work with Ambartsumian at the Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory, where he remained until his death. He was elected to the Armenian Academy of Sciences in 1971, received a state prize in 1950, and served as president of the Commission on Galaxies of the International...

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Notes

Acknowledgment

The author gratefully acknowledges Professor Edward Khachikian for providing most of the information on Markarian.

Selected References

  1. Khachikian, E. Y. (1968). “Two New Seyfert Galaxies from Markian's List of Galaxies with Strong UV Continua.” Astronomical Journal 73: 891–892. (Paper abstract.)ADSGoogle Scholar
  2. ——— Personal communication, 2002.Google Scholar
  3. Markarian, B. E. (1951). Soobshcheniya Byurakanskoj Observatorii 9: 1–40.ADSGoogle Scholar
  4. ——— (1967). “Galaxies with an Ultraviolet Continuum” (in Russian). Astrofizika 3: 55–68.ADSGoogle Scholar
  5. Markarian, B. E. and E. Y. Oganesian, (1961). “White Dwarfs in Praesepe (NGC 2632).” Soobshcheniya Byurakanskoj Observatorii 29: 71–80.ADSGoogle Scholar
  6. Markarian, B. E., E. Y. Oganesian, and S. N. Arakelian (1965). “A Detailed Photometric and Colorimetric Study of Galaxies in the Constellation of Virgo” (in Russian). Astrofizika 1: 38.ADSGoogle Scholar

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© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. 2007

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  • Ian T. Durham

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