Markarian, Beniamin Egishevich
Born Shulaver, (Armenia), 29 November 1913
Died Yerevan, (Armenia), 29 September 1985
Armenian observational astronomer Beniamin Markarian is remembered for the discovery of many hundreds of galaxies, the Markarian galaxies, characterized by more emission in the ultraviolet [UV] part of the spectrum than found in normal spirals or ellipticals. Many of them also have compact nuclei and are related to the quasars. Mkn 421 was the first object outside the Milky Way recognized as a source of photons as energetic as teraelectron volts.
Markarian graduated with a degree in mathematics from Yerevan State University in 1938 and began postgraduate work with Viktor Ambartsumian, defending his thesis in 1944 and beginning work with Ambartsumian at the Byurakan Astrophysical Observatory, where he remained until his death. He was elected to the Armenian Academy of Sciences in 1971, received a state prize in 1950, and served as president of the Commission on Galaxies of the International...
The author gratefully acknowledges Professor Edward Khachikian for providing most of the information on Markarian.
- ——— Personal communication, 2002.Google Scholar