The Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers

2007 Edition
| Editors: Thomas Hockey, Virginia Trimble, Thomas R. Williams, Katherine Bracher, Richard A. Jarrell, Jordan D. MarchéII, F. Jamil Ragep, JoAnn Palmeri, Marvin Bolt

Mädler, Johann Heinrich von

  • Mihkel Joeveer
Reference work entry

BornBerlin, (Germany), 29 May 1794

DiedHanover, Germany, 14 March 1874

Johann von Mädler published a celebrated chart of the Moon and the first scientifically based selenography. He was also the author of the first map of Mars, made contributions to stellar astronomy, and compiled a useful history of astronomy.

Mädler was born into the family of a master tailor. Though frail as a child, at the age of 12 he was sent to the Friedrich‐Werdersche Gymnasium in Berlin where he received a sound grounding in science and mathematics. His interest in astronomy was inspired by the Great Comet of 1811 (C/1811 F1). Although Mädler was an excellent scholar, he was unable to enter the university at the age of 19. An outbreak of typhus claimed both his parents, so instead of an academic career he considered it his duty to support four younger siblings. He enrolled in the tuition‐free Kürstenschen seminary to prepare for a career as an elementary school teacher. At the same time, Mädler began...

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Selected References

  1. Both, Ernst E. (1961). A History of Lunar Studies. Buffalo, New York: Buffalo Museum of Science.Google Scholar
  2. Eelsalu, Heino, Jürgen Hamel, and Dieter Hermann (1985). Johann Heinrich Mädler, 1794–1874: Eine dokumentarische Biographie. Berlin: Akademie‐Verlag.Google Scholar
  3. Mädler, Johann Heinrich. (Eight editions between 1841 and 1884). Der Wunderbau des Weltalls, oder, Populäre Astronomie.Google Scholar
  4. ——— (1846). Astronomische Briefe. Mitau.Google Scholar
  5. ——— (1846). Die Centralsonne. Dorpat.Google Scholar
  6. ——— (1847, 1848). Untersuchungen über die Fixstern–Systeme. Mitau.Google Scholar
  7. ——— (1856). Die Eigenbewegungen der Fixsterne. Dorpat.Google Scholar
  8. ——— (1862). Astronomie zum Schulgebrauch.Google Scholar
  9. ——— (1873). Geschichte der Himmelskunde. Braunschweig.Google Scholar
  10. Sheehan, William P. and Thomas A. Dobbins (2001). Epic Moon: A History of Lunar Exploration in the Age of the Telescope. Richmond, Virginia: Willmann‐Bell.Google Scholar
  11. Whitaker, Ewen A. (1999). Mapping and Naming the Moon: A History of Lunar Cartography and Nomenclature. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC. 2007

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  • Mihkel Joeveer

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