Encyclopedia of Machine Learning

2010 Edition
| Editors: Claude Sammut, Geoffrey I. Webb

Swarm Intelligence

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-30164-8_805

Swarm intelligence is the discipline that studies the collective behavior of systems composed of many individuals that interact locally with each other and with their environment and that rely on forms of decentralized control and self-organization. Examples of such systems are colonies of ants and termites, schools of fish, flocks of birds, herds of land animals, and also some artifacts, including swarm robotic systems and some computer programs for tackling optimization problems such as  ant colony optimization and  particle swarm optimization.

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