Encyclopedia of Machine Learning

2010 Edition
| Editors: Claude Sammut, Geoffrey I. Webb

Confirmation Theory

Reference work entry
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-0-387-30164-8_156

The branch of philosophy concerned with how (and indeed whether) evidence can confirm a hypothesis, even though typically it does not entail it. A distinction is sometimes drawn between total confirmation: how well confirmed a hypothesis is, given all available evidence and weight-of-evidence: the amount of extra confirmation added to the total confirmation of a hypothesis by a particular piece of evidence. Confirmation is often measured by the probability of a hypothesis conditional on evidence.

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011